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The 25 Wolves of the World

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Basically, there are three species of wolves in the world,

- Gray wolf (Canis lupus),
- The red wolf (Canis Rufus),
- And the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis)

The Gray wolf is the most common wolf of the world. Know, these wolves and their subspecies.
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1. Gray Wolf

 Gray Wolf

Gray Wolf

The gray wolf is also known as grey wolf, timber wolf and western wolf, is the native to remote areas of Eurasia and North America.The most of the modern dog breeds are developed from them.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus

Native/Available

North America and Eurasia

Height

26-32 inches

Weight

Average, 25-60 kg (90 to 110 pound)

Life Span

5 - 6 years (In the wild)

2. Arctic Wolf

Arctic Wolf

Arctic Wolf

The Arctic wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf and also known as Melville Island wolf that have presences in Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Melville Island to Ellesmere Island.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus arctos

Native/Available

Melville Island to Ellesmere Island

Height

25 - 30 inches (63 - 76 centimeters)

Weight

75 and 120 pounds (34 - 54 kilograms)

Life Span

5 - 6 years (In the wild)

3. Arabian Wolf

Arabian Wolf

Arabian Wolf

The Arabian wolf is a subspecies of Gray wolf that is also known as Desert wolf, is a native to the Arabian peninsula.

Arabian wolf is one among the smallest sized wolves.

Physical traits and information

 

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus

Native/Available

Melville Island to Ellesmere Island

Height

80-85 cm (32-34 in)

Weight

13-86 kg (29-190 lb)

Life Span

16 to 20 years in captivity, and 8 to15 years in the wild.

4. Mexican Wolf

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arizonahighways.files.wordpress.com

The Mexican wolf is a sub species of Gray wolf that is also known as the lobo, native to Mexico and available in Southeastern Arizona, western Texas.

Mexican wolves have 2 subspecies,

Mexican Gray Wolf
Mexican Red Wolf

They are identified one among the most endangered canid, only 350 Mexican wolves in the world today.

Mexican wolves are the friendliest among wolves species.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus baileyi

Native/Available

Mexico

Height

26-32 Inches

Weight

27 - 45 kilograms (60 to 80 pounds)

Life Span

16 to 20 years in captivity, and 8 to15 years in the wild.

5. Alaskan Tundra Wolf

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http://bearizona.com

The Alaskan tundra wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf that is also known as the barren-ground wolf. They are native to the barren grounds of the Arctic Arctic Coast region from near Point Barrow eastward toward Hudson Bay and probably northwards to the Arctic Archipelago.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus tundrarum

Native/Available

Alaska (Mainly around Canada)

Height

28 to 38 inches

Weight

85 to 176 pounds

Life Span

7 -9 years in captivity

6. Tundra Wolf

Tundra Wolf

Tundra Wolf

The Tundra Wolf is a subspecies of Grey Wolf that is also known as the Turukhan wolf. They are the native to Eurasia's tundra and forest-tundra zones from Finland to the Kamchatka Peninsula.

Tundra wolf and Alaskan Tundra Wolf, are recognized as two separate subspecies of wolf.

Some people believe the tundra wolf and Arctic wolf, are same.

Physical traits and Information

 

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus albus

Native/Available

Finland

Height

28 to 38 inches

Weight

45 - 57 kilograms (100 to 125 pounds)

Life Span

7 -8 years in captivity

7. African Golden Wolf

African golden wolf

African golden wolf

The African golden wolf is also known as the golden wolf, African wolf or thoa, native to north and Northeastern Africa. They were called Golden Jackals, till the scientists identified them as a wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis anthus

Native/Available

Africa

Height

Average, 40 Cm.

Weight

7 -15 kg (15 - 33 lb)

Life Span

NA

8. Egyptian Wolf

Egyptian Wolf

Egyptian Wolf

The Egyptian wolf is comparatively slender and small wolf, which is a subspecies of African golden wolf and native to northern, eastern and western Africa.

The Egyptian jackal is actually a wolf, which was considered a rare sub-species of the golden jackal.

Physical traits and Information

 

 

Scientific name

Canis anthus lupaster

Native/Available

Africa

Height

16 to 20 inches

Weight

7 -15 kg (15 -33 lb)

Life Span

NA

9. The Eurasian wolf

Russian Wolf

Russian Wolf

The Eurasian Wolf is a subspecies of the Grey Wolf and also known as the Common Wolf, European Wolf, Carpathian Wolf, Steppes Wolf, Tibetan Wolf and Chinese Wolf, which is native to the former Soviet Union, today's Russia and some other countries.

Physical traits and Information

Scientific name

Canis lupus lupus

Native/Available

Russia

Height

80- 85 centimetres (31 -33 in)

Weight

Avg. 32 -50 kilograms (71-110 lb), Max up-to 69 - 80 kilograms (152 -176 lb)

Life Span

NA

10. Italian Wolf

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The Italian wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf and also known as the Apeninne wolf, native to the Italian Peninsula. Lives to Apennine Mountains, Western Alps and its surrounding regions.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus italicus

Native/Available

Italy

Height

50 -70 cm

Weight

24 - 40 kilograms (53 - 88 pounds)

Life Span

NA

11. Maned wolves

Maned wolves

Maned wolves

The maned wolf is the largest canid of South America, which is a rare species in the genus Chrysocyon. Maned wolves are introduced to endangered list by ICUN.

• The maned wolf is the largest Canid in South America.

• And an uncommon member of canid family, which doesn’t seem to be a true wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Chrysocyon brachyurus

Native/Available

Italy

Height

Avg. 90 cm (35 in)

Weight

Avg. 23 kg (51 lb)

Life Span

6- 8 years in wild

12. Labrador Wolf

 Labrador wolf

Labrador wolf

The Labrador wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf, native to Labrador and northern Quebec. Their origin is not confirmed, but they have a presence around Canada and Alaska, They are critically endangered species which have been extirpated in Canada (Newfoundland) since 1911. In the late 2000s, and early 2010s, there were some sightings of the Labrador wolf on the island of Newfoundland.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus labradorius

Native/Available

Northern Quebec

Height

26 to 32 inches (66 to 81cm)

Weight

50 and 110lbs (22.7 to 50kg)

Life Span

12-14 years, in captivity

13. Eastern Wolf

Eastern Wolf

Eastern Wolf

The eastern wolf is a subspecies of the Grey Wolf and also known as the Eastern timber wolf, Algonquin wolf or deer wolf, Eastern Canadian Wolf or Eastern Canadian Red Wolf, which are native to Northern America.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus lycaon

Native/Available

Eastern Canada

Height

25 to 36 inches

Weight

Average 20 - 26 Kilograms, up to, 30 Kg

Life Span

3 -4 years, in wild and upto 15 years in captivity

14. Great Plains Wolf

Great Plains Wolf

Great Plains Wolf

The Great Plains is a subspecies of Gray wolf that lives to Great Plains from southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan southward to northern Texas that are also known as the buffalo wolf, dusky wolf or loafer.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus nubilus

Native/Available

Continental United States

Height

58 to 81 cm

Weight

Average, 100 lb (45 kg) upto 150 lb (68 kg)

Life Span

6 to 8 years in wild

15. Iberian Wolf

Iberian Wolf

Iberian Wolf

The Iberian wolf is a subspecies of the grey wolf, native to northern Portugal and northwestern Spain. They were critically endangered species, in the year 1970 their population was limited up to 400-500 odd individuals.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus signatus

Native/Available

Portugal and northwestern Spain

Height

70-80 cm

Weight

Between 30 and 40 kg

Life Span

5-6 years in the wild but, 15 years in captivity

16. Northwestern Wolf

Iberian Wolf

Iberian Wolf

The northwestern wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf, native to western North America. They are also known as the Mackenzie Valley wolf, Alaskan timber wolf, Canadian timber wolf, or northern timber wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus occidentalis

Native/Available

Canada, Alaska

Height

26 to 32 inches

Weight

Avg. 85 and 115 pounds, up-to 150 Pounds

Life Span

4 - 7 year in wild

17. Ethiopian Wolf

Ethiopian Wolf

Ethiopian Wolf

The Ethiopian wolf is a small, slender wolf with long and narrow skull and red and white coats and look like a coyote. They are native to the Ethiopian Highlands and are the only wolf species to be found in Africa. (Till African and Egyptian Golden Jackals were identified as wolves).

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis Simensis

Native/Available

Ethiopia

Height

53 - 62 cm

Weight

11 - 17 kg

Life Span

8-10 years

18. Indian Wolf

Indian Wolf

Indian Wolf

Indian Wolf is native to India, Nepal and Pakistan, which are also known as Indigenous and Asiatic wolves. They are small sized, slender and athletic wolves, which are an endangered canid species.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus pallipes

Native/Available

Indian

Height

24 to 38 inches

Weight

40 to 60 pounds

Life Span

6 and 8 years

19. Red Wolf

Red Wolf

Red Wolf

The red wolf is a smaller relative of the grey wolf, native to eastern America. They are also known as the Florida black wolf or Mississippi Valley wolf. Red wolves are one of the most endangered canids in the world. Once they were declared extinct in the wild in 1980, they reintroduced population in 2010 was thought to total around 130 individuals.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis Lupus Rufus

Native/Available

Eastern North America

Height

26-32 inches

Weight

50 to 80 lbs. (23 to 36 kg),

Life Span

5-6 years

20. Himalayan Wolf

Himalayan Wolf

Himalayan Wolf

Recent DNA study of Himalayan wolf, clarified that they are a distinc wolf species. Earlier, Tibetan and Himalayan wolves were considered the same wolf species. Actually Himalayan wolves are the subspecies of the Gray Wolf and a newly identified wolf species.

Physical traits and Information

 

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus filchneri

Native/Available

Himalayan region of Nepal, India, Bhutan

Height

58 cm (23 in) - 89 cm (35 in)

Weight

Average, 35 kg

Life Span

12 years

21. Tibetan Wolf

Tibetan Wolf

Tibetan Wolf

Tibetan wolves are native from Tibet and Himalayan range, which are friendly animals (Usually they do not attack to Human). They are a rare medium sized yellow, White colored wolves, which are considered to be the link between Asia and Gray Wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus chanco

Native/Available

Tibet

Height

58 cm (23 in) - 89 cm (35 in)

Weight

Average, 35 kg

Life Span

12 years

22. Alexander Archipelago Wolves

Alaskan Alexander Archipelago Wolves

Alaskan Alexander Archipelago Wolves

Alexander Archipelago Wolves are medium sized wolves from an Interior Alaskan region that have thick, small and black coloured coat. They are a subspecies of Gray wolf, which were identified as a separate wolf species in the year 1937.

Physical traits and Information

 

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus ligoni

Native/Available

Alaska

Height

24 to 28 Inches

Weight

30 to 50 pounds

Life Span

NA

23. MacKenzie Valley Wolf

MacKenzie Valley Wolf

MacKenzie Valley Wolf

MacKenzie Valley Wolf is the subspecies of Gray wolf that is also known as northwestern wolf, Alaskan timber wolf, Canadian timber wolf, or northern timber wolf, which are the native from western North America and one among the largest subspecies of North America, identified in 1829 by Sir John Richardson.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus mackenzii

Native/Available

western North America

Height

32 to 36 inches

Weight

Male: 20 - 70 kg, Female: 16 - 50 kg

Life Span

NA

24. Yukon wolf

Yukon wolf

Yukon wolf

Yukon wolves are the subspecies of Gray wolf, native to North America. They are called as an Alaskan Interior wolf in the United States and Yukon wolf, in Canada. They are an Endangered wolf species, mainly available Yukon-Charley Rivers National preserves.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus pambasileus

Native/Available

North America

Height

Average, 85 cm (33.5 in)

Weight

21 kilograms (46 lb) to 55 kilograms (121 lb)

Life Span

4-10 years in wild and up to 15 years in Captivity

25. Vancouver Island wolf

. Vancouver Island wol

. Vancouver Island wol

The Vancouver Island wolf is a subspecies of the grey wolf, native to Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. They are an excellent swimmer that is also known as the wolf live with two paws in the ocean and two paws on land.

Physical traits and Information

 

Scientific name

Canis lupus crassodon

Native/Available

Vancouver Island, British Columbia

Height

26 - 32 Inches

Weight

16 - 60 kg

Life Span

5 - 6 Years in Wild

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