I like to share information about wildlife, animals, and pets—dogs in particular.
Dogs have been our most loyal companions since ancient times, the history of dogs in India is thousands of years old. They are also mentioned in ancient Indian tales, and have religious significance. If you are looking for a loyal companion for North Indian states, like Uttrakhand, Himachal, Jammu and Kashmir or Laddakh, then you should choose the dog breed that is suitable for living in cold weather. Though all dogs are excellent and make great companions, but not all dog breeds are suitable to live in cold weather. You can find the list of dog breeds, which are easily available and suitable to live in cold climate of North Indian states.
20 dog breeds best suited for North Indian climate
- Akita Inu
- Alaskan Malamute
- Baan Gaddi Dog
- Bakharwal Dog
- Bhotia Dog
- Chow Chow
- Cocker Spaniel
- Gaddi Dog
- German Shepherd
- Golden Retriever
- Indian Spitz
- Lhasa Apso
- Nepali Bhote Kukur
- Saint Bernard
- Shih Tzu
- Tibetan Mastiff
- Tibetan Terrier
1. Akita Inu
The Akita Inu are medium-large sized dogs originating from the mountainous northern regions of Japan, also known as Akita ken, Japanese Akita, Akita, Great Japanese Dog. They are well recognized for their loyalty, aggression and courage. The true story of Hachiko (A Japanese Akita Dog) that lived in Japan before World War II, make them very popular. Though the Akita dogs are intelligent, loyal and devoted dogs, but they are aggressive, aloof and dog-aggressive, which are also used for dogfights. They are dominant and courageous dogs that need early training and a firm owner otherwise they may be willful and aggressive.
2. Alaskan Malamute
Originally bred to haul heavy freight over long distances, the Alaskan Malamute is a big and powerful dog, originating from USA. Despite its strength, the breed is very friendly. Its friendliness and lack of barking make it a popular choice for pet owners. The Malamute is a very intelligent and loyal dog, but because it was bred to survive in harsh conditions, it is also incredibly resourceful and independent. The Malamute may not be a great fit for families that have other pets, particularly small ones since the breed does have a fairly developed prey drive.
3. Baan Gaddi Dog
Baan Gaddi dogs are medium-large sized, sheepdogs of Indian origin, also known as Himalayan sheepdogs or Habasu dogs, Which are found in the Himalayan region of India, Ladakh, Himachal and some areas of Uttarakhand. The Baan Gaddi dog is medium to large sized dog, which was bred to work in cold and inhospitable areas of Himalayan region, and to protect cattle and herders from Himalayan wolves and leopards. And they are used for grazing cattle in high mountains and deep ravines in the Himalayan region.
4. Bakharwal Dog
The Bakharwal dog is an indigenous breed of Himalayan origin from the Pir Panjal mountain range of the Kashmir Himalayas and was bred exclusively by a Muslim nomadic group called 'Bakharwal' to protect their livestock from predators like wolves and bears. This breed has been bred for many centuries by the Gujjar nomadic tribes as a livestock guardian dog and settlement protector. It is also known as the Kashmir Sheepdog, Bakarwal Mastiff, Kashmiri Bakharwal dog, Gujjar Watchdog, Bakarwal, Gujjar dog and the Kashmiri Mastiff.
5. Bhotia Dog
Bhotia dogs are medium to large sized dogs from the Himalayan region of India, mainly found in the Uttarakhand state of India. They were developed by Bhotia nomads of Uttrahand, and also known as Bhotia Mastiff, Himalayan sheepdog and Pahadi Kutta. Bhotia dogs look very similar to Tibetan mastiffs, but are slightly smaller in size and have less hair on their faces than Tibetan mastiffs. Bhotia dogs have been highly appreciated for protecting live stock and their family from wild predators in the inaccessible valleys and snowy mountains of the Himalayas.
6. Chow Chow
Chow Chow dogs are small-medium sized dogs, originating from northern China and Mongolia, though some people believe they came from the Siberian regions of Asia. Chow dogs are also known as the Tang Quan, or the "Dog of the Tang Empire." They are commonly the models for the stone guardians found in front of Buddhist temples and palaces. Chows can be aloof or quite aggressive with strangers. They need to be trained at an early stage by an experienced owner.
7. Cocker Spaniel
The Cocker Spaniel is a small sized dog of the gun dog category of dogs, originating from the United Kingdom. The The Cocker Spaniel dogs are an active, energetic, playful, lively and intelligent, compactly built dog, that are available in two varieties, American and English Cocker Spaniel. The Cocker Spaniel is a quick learner and easy-going dog that goes well along with other pets and kids.
8. Gaddi Dog
Gaddi dogs are native Indian dogs from the Himachal state of North India. They are considered to be one of the oldest descendants of Tibetan mastiffs. Gaddi dogs were bred for hunting purposes, but multi-talented Gaddi dog are widely used by local shepherds, mostly by the Gaddis (the tribe of the same name). These dogs are reputed to be strong enough to repulse attacks by snow leopards and are very intelligent to herd stray sheep and goats back to their pens. Gaddi dogs are also called Mahidant mastiffs, Indian leopard hounds, and Bhotia dogs.
9. German Shepherd
The German Shepherd is Medium-large sized dog native to Germany. Also known as Alsatian in Great Britain and parts of Europe. They are intelligent working dogs and their devotion, courage, and intelligence are unmatched. German Shepherds are very strong and energetic. They are tall, about two feet and two inches, and their body structure is rectangular. German Shepherds are among the best police and military service dogs. They are also excellent herders, search and rescue dogs, and drug detectors. They are loyal and faithful companions.
10. Golden Retriever
Golden Retriever is a Medium to large-sized dog. This dog is well known for its excellent obedience standard and admired as an extraordinary pet for family. Golden Retriever was bred for retrieve shot fresh water birds like duck. Though this is a hairy dog but it has dense and water resistant crimped outer coat that help them during water sports. Golden Retriever love water sports and also it’s a great athlete.
11. Indian Spitz
The Indian Spitz is a small to medium-sized active and friendly dog. Though this breed is not friendly with other dogs and strangers, it is very loyal to family and makes for an excellent watchdog. Indian Spitz are growing in demand in recent years because they are naturally healthy and do not require much grooming. They are well-suited for tropical climates and good for apartment living.
12. Siberian Husky
Siberian Husky were originally bred by the Chukchi Tribe in Siberia to haul heavy loads. They are a very energetic and active dog, which are known for their distinctive thickly furred double coat, erect triangle-shaped ears, and distinctive color markings. Their color comes in a variety of shades like black and white, red and white, brown, gray and white, silver, wolf-gray, sable and white, red-orange with black tips, and dark gray.
13. Lhasa Apso
The Lhasa Apso is a thousand-year-old dog breed that is confident, energetic, fearless, devoted, aloof and alert dog. The Lhasa Apso dog was originated from Himalayas, to serve as sentinels at Buddhist monasteries isolated high in the mountains. This dog has high regards in regions and Buddhists marked them a holy dog. Lhasa Apso has long straight hairs and available in multiple colors, usually mixed with two or three colors.
14. Nepalese Bhote Kukur
The Nepalese Bhote Kukur are large sized dogs, native to Nepal, also found in some part of India, Pakistan, and Bhutan, which are also known as Himalayan sheep dog or Pahari Kukur. Bhote Kukur are very friendly, intelligent and make excellent guard dogs. Like their ancestor, the Tibetan mastiff, they also need a lot of outdoor exercise. They are also dominant and territorial dogs and not suitable for apartment living. Though they are known as herding dogs, they also used as working or companion dogs.
The Pomeranian is a small-sized dog, from the toy category of dog breed, originating from Italy, also known as Deutscher Spitz or Zwergspitz, which means Dwarf Spitz. This breed originated in northwestern Europe in an area that includes parts of Poland and western Germany today. The Pomeranian is an active, friendly, lively and playful dog that makes a good companion. Pomeranians are one of the world's most popular toy breeds, their popularity increased largely due to Queen Victoria, who owned a very small Pomeranian and increased the demand for smaller Poms.
16. The Saint Bernard
The Saint Bernard or St. Bernard is a large-sized dog breed, originating from the Western Alps in Italy and Switzerland. The St. Bernard are calm, gentle, friendly, and watchful and caring dog, which were bred as a working dog for rescue work. The Saint Bernard is one of the world's largest dogs, that can grow up-to weigh 110 to 200 pounds.
17. The Shih Tzu
The Shih Tzu is an ancient dog breed, originating from Tibet. It's one of the most popular toy dog breed all over the world. The actual name of this dog breed is "Sheed-zoo" or "sheet-sue". Shih Tzu is a small but sturdy dog, energetic, intelligent dog that makes an excellent family companion and lap dog breed. And a highly demanded dog, especially for those seeking a dog that look like teddy bear.
18. The Samoyed
The Samoyed dogs are medium-large sized dogs, originating from Russia. They were bred by Samoyedic peoples of Siberia, to hunt, from where they get their name. They are strong, well-built and broad-headed. They are very lively and good companions. One of their distinguishing characteristics is the "Sammy smile," which very noticeable because of the contrast between its white coat and black lips. Samoyeds are calm, devoted, very friendly and pleasant dogs and love everyone. Their colours are, white and shades of white with long and thick fur. Samoyed dogs love hiking, tracking and keeping their owners warm by sleeping on top of them at night.
19. Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan mastiffs are ancient domesticated dogs. These dogs are large, strong, and powerful mountain dogs whose traditional purpose was to protect livestock and help for herding. But if you want to adopt a Tibetan mastiff, you must consider their nature, temperament, living, and grooming requirements. Tibetan mastiffs are courageous, fearless, tempered, and intelligent dogs and very loyal to their family and owner. But they are not very friendly to other pets and strangers. They are also stubborn, strong willed, and dominant dogs that need lot of physical exercise and daily walks.
20. Tibetan Terrier
The Tibetan Terrier is a medium-sized dog, originated in Tibet. The Tibetan Terrier, Tibetan terrier is an intelligent, confident, courageous and sturdy dog that doesn't belong to terrier group of dogs, it was created to be a companion and friend. But it looks like, other terrier breeds and European travelers named it Tibetan terrier.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 ARADHYA