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10 Animals Exclusive To Africa

Simplekaku is a wildlife enthusiast and enjoys watching wildlife documentaries.

Below are some animals unique to only the continent of Africa.


Now, let's take a look at few of them, where they can be located and some of their interesting characteristics you would like to know.

The Mantled Guereza

Binomial name: Colobus Guereza

Binomial name: Colobus Guereza

These beautiful black and white mammals are found in both the deciduous and evergreen forest of central and east Africa native to Cameroon, Tanzania, Nigeria, Chad, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Uganda, and Kenya. They are classified as a type of Old World Monkey.

They mostly like inhabiting riverines and lakeside forests. With an average size of 13.5kg and an estimated lifespan of 20years. The guereza does not outlive most of its cousins in their family. Like other primates, they like grooming each other, especially the young ones.

Their primary source of food is leaves. interestingly Chimpanzees are threat to them.

Some facts about Mantled Guereza:

  1. Infants are born with pink and white fur.
  2. The Colobus Guereza doesn't have any thumbs.
  3. Their primary prey is the African crowned hawk-eagle


Very adorable cute looking nocturnal mammals with very beautiful eyes that glows in the night. They are known as nagapies in Afrikaans which translates to "night monkeys". They are indigenous to sub-Saharan Africa.

Unlike most mammals, the bushbabies can't roll their round bulging eyes but rather swivel their heads to inspect their environment. These tiny creatures are the size of an adult male's fist.

On their nights out, scientists estimate their movement to a mile or two jumping from tree to tree feeding on mostly insects and tree-gums. They are known to be very curious and meticulous creatures inspecting their environment before they head out to forage. Like most primates, their day begins with a bit of grooming. Their most prominent predators are genets and owls with snakes, cats, dogs and jackals also a threat to them.

Some facts:

  1. Their cry resembles that of a baby
  2. They have acute hearing as a defensive mechanism
  3. They are now regarded as endangered species
  4. Called "aposor" by the akans of Ghana because of their firm grip.

Fun Fact:

Some groups of the Akan ethnic group ( like the Nzemas) in Ghana use the dried limbs of bushbabies to bath babies as they believe it can make a baby have a firm grip.

The Klipspringer

Binomial name: Oreotragus oreotragus

Binomial name: Oreotragus oreotragus

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It is a type of antelope unique to southern and eastern Africa characterised by its small size(43-60cm). Mostly found inhabiting rocky terrain environments with yellowish to reddish-brown coat for camouflaging in these rocky areas. Found in countries like Sudan, Eritrea, Somaliland, Ethiopia, South Africa, and along the coast of Angola and Namibia.

Unlike its other counterparts, the klipspringer has thick coat with hollow brittle hairs with short and spiky horns of about 7.5-9cm. This type of antelopes are to a much greater extent monogamous than other antelopes with long-term to life -long pair bonding or commitment. Pairs are mostly 5m apart within the same environment. The males form a territory where they live with their female partners and offspring.

Like most antelopes, they have hoofs but unlike most antelopes their hooves are quite softer and have plastic-like feel to help them climb rocks when checking their environments for predators such as leopards and lions.

Their primary mode of feeding is browsing, mostly feeding on young plants, fruits, and flowers.

Some facts:

  1. There are no major threats to their survival
  2. Depends on succulent plants for their water requirements and not water bodies
  3. Difficult and inaccessible habitat


With over 100 living species, lemurs are one of the most diverse primates in the animal kingdom. They are native to only the island of Madagascar in southern Africa.

Lemurs are characterised by their small size(though other species of lemurs maybe bigger) with pointed snouts, long tails, wet nose, and large bulging eyes. They have very low visual acuity and excellent hearing which helps them escape danger as they depend more on their smelling and hearing ability.

These unique creatures are nocturnal like most strepsirrhini and hence active in the night. They are mostly arboreal in nature and plant eaters. They are known to coexist with each other(of different species) because of varying food dependency.

Some interesting facts:

  1. They have distinct fingers(most of strepsirrhini are characterised by claws)
  2. They are very intelligent and can learn to use tools and recognise patterns
  3. They are confused with other primates but evolved in isolation in Madagascar
  4. Most species have tails longer than their entire body
  5. Very social and live in groups
  6. Good sense of smell which can detect pheromones
  7. They are only threatened by fossa

Unlike most primates, they didn't have to compete with other species for survival (food, shelter) as they evolved in isolation.

Dwarf Mongoose

Binomial name: Helogale parvula

Binomial name: Helogale parvula

As the name implies, they are the smallest of the African mongooses and exist in two species, that is, the desert dwarf and common dwarf. They are characterised by their pointed heads, small ears, long fluffy tails, short limbs and long claws. Their fur colour varies from speckled brown, reddish, or grey.

They are located in the east of Africa and central southern Africa from Eritrea to Ethiopia to the region of limpopo and Mpumalanga in South Africa.

Despite their size, which doesn't fit its carnivorous nature. They are distinctively carnivorous and known to be the smallest member of the order carnivora. They are known to be very skilled predators able to attack and king cobras.

Mongooses feed on a range of animals from insects, rodents to snakes. When frightened, they lie flat on their backs ready to attack with their teeth and claws.

They are diurnal and mostly dwell in grasslands, open forests, and bushlands. Mongooses have been listed as endangered species by the International Union of Conservation of Nature(IUCN)

Some interesting facts:

  1. Although carnivorous, they sometimes eat berries as a secondary food which may be an adaptation for survival due to their size as carnivores.
  2. They feed on eggs when in close proximity to human settlements
  3. Occasionally try to make themselves look bigger when in danger
  4. There is a metaheuristic algorithm for solving optimization problems called dwarf mongoose
  5. They are social animals and live in groups called babysitters, alpha group and scout group

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2022 simplekaku

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